Guide to Citing Online Sources

How to format citations for Web sources.
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Email

Structure: Author's Last name, First name. "Subject Line." Document date. Personal email. (Date of access).

Example:

Feynman, Richard P., Dr. "I am not Joking." Personal email. (02 Aug. 2000).

FTP Files

Structure:

Author's Last name, First name. "Full Title of Paper." Document date. Internet address of ftp site. (Date of access).

Example:

Bruckman, Amy. "Chapter 4: Collaborative Learning Strategies: Storm's Weekend with Rachael." May 1997. ftp://ftp.media.mit.edu/pub/asb/papers/thesis/4-collaborative-learning.rtf. (02 Aug. 2000).

IRC, ICQ or Instant Messenger

Structure:

Speaker's Last name, First name. Type of communication (i.e., ICQ Chat). Internet address if applicable (Date of access).

Example:

Feynman, Richard P., Dr. ICQ Chat. (02 Aug. 2000).

Listserv or Newsgroups

Structure:

Author's Last name, First name. "Subject Line." Document date. Internet address of listserv or newslist. (Date of access).

Example:

Krol, E. "Hitchhikers Guide to the Internet." 01 Sep. 1989. http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/htbin/rfc/rfc1118.html. (02 Aug. 2000).

Citations of Internet Sources for this Article

Check them out for additional information:

Harnack, Andrew and Eugene Kepplinger. "Online: A Reference Guide to Using Online Resources." http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/citex.html (1 Aug. 2000).

Library of Congress. "Citing Electronic Sources". http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/cite.html (June, 1999).

Walker, Janice R. and Taylor, Todd. "The Columbia Guide to Online Style." http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/cgos/idx_basic.html (1998).

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