What is Dyslexia?

Learn about Dyslexia, the most prevalent type of learning disability.
Teaching Strategies:
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Updated on: January 4, 1998
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Grades 1-3

At this stage, children are developing basic word recognition skills both through the use of word-attack strategies and contextual cues. Students with dyslexia will show some of the following characteristics:

  • difficulties with learning sound/symbol correspondences
  • confusion of visually similar letters (b/d/p, w/m, h/n, f/t)
  • confusion of auditorily similar letters (d/t, b/p, f/v)
  • difficulties remembering basic sight vocabulary
  • problems with segmenting words into individual sounds and blending sounds to form words
  • reading and spelling errors that involve difficulties with sequencing and monitoring sound/symbol correspondence such as reversals of letters (past/pats), omissions (tip/trip), additions (slip/sip), substitutions (rip/rib), and transpositions (stop/pots)
  • omission of grammatical endings in reading and/or writing (-s, -ed, -ing, etc.)
  • difficulty remembering spelling words over time and applying spelling rules

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