Nevada

Read this profile of Nevada to learn about the state's history, points of interest, and government. Also find interesting facts about each state, including the state's motto, symbols, and when it entered the union.
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Map of Nevada

Capital: Carson City

State abbreviation: Nev.

Postal code: NV

Population est.: 2,414,807

Largest City (2005 est.): Las Vegas, 545,147

Land area: 109,826 sq mi. (284,449 sq km)

U.S. Representatives: 3

Entered Union (rank): Oct. 31, 1864 (36)

Motto: All for Our Country

Origin of name: Spanish: "snowcapped"

State symbols:

flower: sagebrush
bird: mountain bluebird
song: "Home Means Nevada"
tree: single-leaf pinon and bristlecone pine

Nickname: Sagebrush State; Silver State; Battle Born State

Residents: Nevadan, Nevadian

Did you know: Nevada is home to rare fish such as the Devils Hole pup, found only in Devils Hole, and other rare fish from prehistoric lakes

Map of Nebraska.

History

Trappers and traders, including Jedediah Smith and Peter Skene Ogden, entered the Nevada area in the 1820s. In 1843–1845, John C. Frémont and Kit Carson explored the Great Basin and Sierra Nevada. The U.S. obtained the region in 1848 following the Mexican War, and the first permanent settlement was a Mormon trading post near present-day Genoa.

The driest state in the nation, with an average annual rainfall of only about 7 in., much of Nevada is uninhabited, sagebrush-covered desert. The wettest part of the state receives about 40 in. of precipitation per year, while the driest spot has less than 4 in. per year.

Nevada was made famous by the discovery of the Comstock Lode, the richest known U.S. silver deposit, in 1859, and its mines have produced large quantities of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, barite, and tungsten. Oil was discovered in 1954. Gold now far exceeds all other minerals in value of production.

In 1931, the state created two industries, divorce and gambling. For many years, Reno and Las Vegas were the "divorce capitals of the nation." More liberal divorce laws in many states have ended this distinction, but Nevada is still the gambling capital of the U.S. and a leading entertainment center. State gambling taxes account for 34.1% of general fund tax revenues. Although Nevada leads the nation in per capita gambling revenue, it ranks only tenth in total gambling revenue.

The state's leading agricultural industry is cattle and calves. Agricultural crops consist mainly of hay, alfalfa seed, barley, wheat, and potatoes. Nevada manufactures gaming equipment; lawn and garden irrigation devices; titanium products; seismic and machinery monitoring devices; and specialty printing.

Lake Tahoe, Reno, and Las Vegas are major resorts. Recreation areas include Pyramid Lake, Lake Tahoe, and Lake Mead and Lake Mohave, both in Lake Mead National Recreation Area. Other attractions are Hoover Dam, Virginia City, and Great Basin National Park (includes Lehman Caves).

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