Read this profile of Kansas to learn about the state's history, points of interest, and government. Also find interesting facts about each state, including the state's motto, symbols, and when it entered the union.
5 |
6 |
7 |
Map of Kansas

Capital: Topeka

State abbreviation: Kans.

Postal code: KS

Population est.: 2,744,687

Largest City (2005 est.): Wichita, 354,865

Land area: 81,815 sq mi. (211,901 sq km)

U.S. Representatives: 4

Entered Union (rank): Jan. 29, 1861 (34)

Motto: Ad astra per aspera (To the stars through difficulties)

Origin of name: From a Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind"

State symbols:

flower: sunflower
bird: western meadowlark
song: "Home on the Range"
tree: cottonwood

Nickname: Sunflower State; Jayhawk State

Residents: Kansas

Did you know: Helium was discovered in 1905 at the University of Kansas

Map of Kansas


Spanish explorer Francisco de Coronado, in 1541, is considered the first European to have traveled this region. Sieur de la Salle's extensive land claims for France (1682) included present-day Kansas. Ceded to Spain by France in 1763, the territory reverted to France in 1800 and was sold to the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

Lewis and Clark, Zebulon Pike, and Stephen H. Long explored the region between 1803 and 1819. The first permanent white settlements in Kansas were outposts-Fort Leavenworth (1827), Fort Scott (1842), and Fort Riley (1853)-established to protect travelers along the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails.

Just before the Civil War, the conflict between the pro- and anti-slavery forces earned the region the grim title of Bleeding Kansas.

Today, wheat fields, oil-well derricks, herds of cattle, and grain-storage elevators are chief features of the Kansas landscape. A leading wheat-growing state, Kansas also raises corn, sorghum, oats, barley, soybeans, and potatoes. Kansas stands high in petroleum production and mines zinc, coal, salt, and lead. It is also the nation's leading producer of helium.

Wichita is one of the nation's leading aircraft-manufacturing centers, ranking first in production of private aircraft. Kansas City is an important transportation, milling, and meat-packing center.

Points of interest include the Kansas History Center at Topeka, the Eisenhower boyhood home and the Eisenhower Memorial Museum and Presidential Library at Abilene, John Brown's cabin at Osawatomie, re-created Front Street in Dodge City, Fort Larned (an important military post on the Santa Fe Trail), Fort Leavenworth, and Fort Riley.

loading gif