• 1
  • 2
  • 3
FREE Article - 1st of 3 Free Items

View 2 more resources at no cost, and then subscribe for full access.

Join TeacherVision for just $6.99 USD a month and get instant access to all our great resources! Free 7-Day Trial

Make Your Own Solar Eclipse

Students learn how and why solar eclipses occur with this hands-on science activity. They create their own eclipse using clay and other materials.
Grades
3 |
4 |
5 |
6
Themes
Type
Add New Folder
OR
Available Folders
No Folder Available.
Cancel

Materials

  • Flashlight
  • Orange
  • Ball of clay, about ¼ the size of the orange
  • Ruler

Procedures

  1. Put the orange and the clay on a table, in a line, about 8 inches apart.
  2. Stand about 2 feet away from the table. Hold the flashlight at the same level as the clay and the orange, then shine the light from behind the clay ball.
  3. Check out the shadow on the orange.
What happened:

In the experiment, the clay represents the Moon, the flashlight the Sun, and the orange is the Earth. When the moon blocks the Sun's light from the Earth, it casts a shadow on Earth. The darker, middle part of the shadow is called the umbra. The lighter shadow on the outer rim is called the penumbra.