Adaptations and Modifications for Students with Special Needs

Three students looking at a globe  These resources detail easy modifications to incorporate in your curriculum for students with special needs. Adjustments in classroom environment, curriculum planning, and assessment, will help you accommodate and challenge each member of your class. Appropriately modify your instruction to address diverse needs with our articles on bilingual special education, Autism, and ADD/ADHD. You'll also find great resources for implementing IEPs and creating an inclusive classroom.

Tips & Advice

Curriculum Planning

Math Modifications

Reading Modifications

An Inclusive Classroom

Modifications for Autism

Modifications for ADD/ADHD

Modifications for English-Language Learners

Working with Diversity

Individualized Education Programs

Assessment Accomodations

Additional Resources

Resources on Adapting Instruction by the Council for Exceptional Children

Adapting Curricular Materials
This series provides practical guidance in adapting teaching and learning materials to meet the needs of individual students and is geared for experienced as well as new general and special education teachers.

Adapting Language Arts, Social Studies, and Science Materials for the Inclusive Classroom
Keith Lenz and Jean Schumaker
This book presents types of problems students with disabilities may encounter in dealing with curricular materials in language arts, social studies, and science and gives short-term design adaptations and long-term instructional goals for each.

Adapting Reading and Math Materials for the Inclusive Classroom
Jeanne Shay Schumm
Intended as a teacher's handbook, this book presents a set of principles for structuring teaching methods to facilitate adaptations in the elementary classroom (grades K-5).

Toward Successful Inclusion of Students with Disabilities: The Architecture of Instruction
Deborah Simmons and Edward J. Kame'enui
This book presents a set of principles for evaluating curriculum and structuring curriculum adaptations. Includes worksheets and specific questions to aid in adaptation.

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October Calendar of Events
October is full of events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: Fire Prevention Week (10/4-10), Metric Week (10/4-10), World Space Week (10/4-10), Earth Science Week (10/11-17), Chemistry Week (10/18-24), Teen Read Week (10/18-24), Make a Difference Day (10/24), and Halloween (10/31). Plus, celebrate Bullying Prevention Month, Diversity Awareness Month, Learning Disabilities Month, and School Safety Month all October long!

Bullying Prevention Month
October is Bullying Prevention Month, and it's a crucial topic for teachers and administrators to address. Bullying can cause both physical and emotional harm, and it can range from inflicting physical abuse to cyber-bullying (the use of cell phones, social networking sites, and other forms of technology to cause emotional distress). Learn how to recognize several forms of bullying and teasing, and discover effective techniques for dealing with and preventing bullying in your classroom.

Happy Halloween! Kids love this holiday and all the spooky decorations, games, and stories that go along with it. (Not to mention the candy, of course!) Take advantage of their enthusiasm with classroom connections and fun activities.