Solving analogies is a terrific way to sharpen your thinking skills and prepare for standardized tests.
An analogy is a type of word problem that consists of two word pairs. To solve the analogy you must find a word that correctly completes the second pair. At first glance, the words in an analogy may seem to have nothing to do with each other, but the words are always logically related. The first pair of words has a relationship similar to the second pair of words. To solve the analogy, you need to figure out that relationship.
Example:GRACEFUL : CLUMSY :: HOT : _______
Common Analogy Types
The word pairs in an analogy often have one of the following relationships:
Antonyms: Words that have opposite meanings, as in HOT : COLD
Synonyms: Words that have the same or similar meanings, as in UNHAPPY : SAD
Descriptive: One word describes the other word, as in FAST : CHEETAH
Part to whole: One word is a part or piece of the other, as in PIECE : PUZZLE
Item to category: One word is an item in the category named by the other, as in
|Some analogies will not fit into the categories above. |
Example:PUPPY : DOG :: KITTEN : _______
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