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Pulitzer Prize Winners for Biography or Autobiography

A list of Pulitzer Prize winners for Biography or Autobiography.
Grades:
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The Pulitzer Prizes, established and endowed by Joseph Pulitzer (1847–1911), honour excellence in American literature, journalism, drama and music. The prizes, administered by Columbia University, bestow on winners both literary prestige and a cash prize.

For years not listed, no award was made.


1917
Julia Ward Howe, Laura E. Richards and Maude Howe Elliott, assisted by Florence Howe Hall
1918
Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed, William Cabell Bruce
1919
The Education of Henry Adams, Henry Adams
1920
The Life of John Marshall, Albert J. Beveridge
1921
The Americanization of Edward Bok, Edward Bok
1922
A Daughter of the Middle Border, Hamlin
Garland
1923
The Life and Letters of Walter H. Page, Burton J. Hendrick
1924
From Immigrant to Inventor, Michael Idvorsky Pupin
1925
Barrett Wendell and His Letters, M. A. DeWolfe Howe
1926
The Life of Sir William Osler, Harvey Cushing
1927
Whitman, Emory Holloway
1928
The American Orchestra and Theodore Thomas, Charles Edward Russell
1929
The Training of an American: The Earlier Life and Letters of Walter H. Page, Burton J.
Hendrick
1930
The Raven, Marquis James
1931
Charles W. Eliot, Henry James
1932
Theodore Roosevelt, Henry F. Pringle
1933
Grover Cleveland, Allan Nevins
1934
John Hay, Tyler Dennett
1935
R. E. Lee, Douglas S. Freeman
1936
The Thought and Character of William James, Ralph Barton Perry
1937
Hamilton Fish, Allan Nevins
1938
Pedlar's Progress, Odell Shepard; Andrew Jackson, Marquis James
1939
Benjamin Franklin, Carl Van Doren
1940
Woodrow Wilson: Life and Letters, Vols. VII and VIII, Ray Stannard Baker
1941
Jonathan Edwards, Ola E. Winslow
1942
Crusader in Crinoline, Forrest Wilson
1943
Admiral of the Ocean Sea, Samuel Eliot
Morison
1944
The American Leonardo: The Life of Samuel F. B. Morse, Carleton Mabee
1945
George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel, Russel Blaine Nye
1946
Son of the Wilderness, Linnie Marsh Wolfe
1947
The Autobiography of William Allen White
1948
Forgotten First Citizen: John Bigelow, Margaret Clapp
1949
Roosevelt and Hopkins, Robert E. Sherwood
1950
John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy, Samuel Flagg Bemis
1951
John C. Calhoun: American Portrait, Margaret Louise Coit
1952
Charles Evans Hughes, Merlo J. Pusey
1953
Edmund Pendleton, 1721–1803, David J. Mays
1954
The Spirit of St. Louis, Charles A. Lindbergh
1955
The Taft Story, William S. White
1956
Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Talbot F. Hamlin
1957
Profiles in Courage, John F. Kennedy
1958
George Washington, Douglas Southall Freeman (Vols. 1–6) and John Alexander Carroll and Mary Wells Ashworth (Vol. 7)
1959
Woodrow Wilson, American Prophet, Arthur Walworth
1960
John Paul Jones, Samuel Eliot Morison
1961
Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War, David Donald
1963
Henry James: Vol. II, The Conquest of London, 1870–1881; Vol. III, The Middle Years, 1881–1895, Leon Edel
1964
John Keats, Walter Jackson Bate
1965
Henry Adams (3 Vols.), Ernest Samuels
1966
A Thousand Days, Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
1967
Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain, Justin Kaplan
1968
Memoirs, 1925–1950, George F. Kennan
1969
The Man From New York, B. L. Reid
1970
Huey Long, T. Harry Williams
1971
Robert Frost: The Years of Triumph, 1915–1938, Lawrence Thompson
1972
Eleanor and Franklin: The Story of Their Relationship Based on Eleanor Roosevelt's Private Papers, Joseph P. Lash
1973
Luce and His Empire, W. A. Swanberg
1974
O'Neill, Son and Artist, Louis Sheaffer
1975
The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York, Robert A. Caro
1976
Edith Wharton: A Biography, Richard W. B. Lewis
1977
A Prince of Our Disorder, John E. Mack
1978
Samuel Johnson, Walter Jackson Bate
1979
Days of Sorrow and Pain: Leo Baeck and the Berlin Jews, Leonard Baker
1980
The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt, Edmund
Morris
1981
Peter the Great, Robert K. Massie
1982
Grant: A Biography, William S. McFeely
1983
Growing Up, Russell Baker
1984
Booker T. Washington, Louis R. Harlan
1985
The Life and Times of Cotton Mather, Kenneth Silverman
1986
Louise Bogan: A Portrait, Elizabeth Frank
1987
Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, David J. Garrow
1988
Look Homeward: A Life of Thomas Wolfe, David Herbert Donald
1989
Oscar Wilde, Richard Ellmann
1990
Machiavelli in Hell, Sebastian de Grazia
1991
Jackson Pollock: An American Saga, Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith
1992
Fortunate Son: The Healing of a Vietnam Vet, Lewis B. Puller, Jr.
1993
Truman, David McCullough
1994
W. E. B. DuBois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919, David Levering Lewis
1995
Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life, Joan D. Hedrick
1996
God: A Biography, Jack Miles
1997
Angela's Ashes: A Memoir, Frank McCourt
1998
Personal History, Katharine Graham
1999
Lindbergh, A. Scott Berg
2000
Vera (Mrs. Vladimir Nabokov), Stacy Schiff
2001
W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and The American Century, 1919-1963, David Levering Lewis
2002
John Adams, David McCullough
2003
Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Robert A Caro
2004
Krushchev: The Man and His Era, William Taubman
2005
de Kooning: An American Master, Mark Stevens and Annalyn Swan
2006
American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer, Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin
2007
The Most Famous Man in America: The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher, Debby Applegate
2008
Eden's Outcasts: The Story of Louisa May Alcott and Her Father, John Matteson
2009
American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House, Jon Meacham
2010
The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt, T.J. Stiles
2011
Washington: A Life, Ron Chernow
2012
George F. Kennan: An American Life, John Lewis Gaddis
2013
The Black Count: Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo, Tom Reiss
2014
Margaret Fuller: A New American Life, Megan Marshall
2015
The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe, David I. Kertzer

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