Quotation Marks

  1. Double quotation marks enclose direct quotations:
    • "What was Paris like in the Twenties?" our daughter asked.
    • "Ladies and Gentlemen," the Chief Usher said, "the President of the United States."
    • Robert Louis Stevenson said that "it is better to be a fool than to be dead."
    • When advised not to become a lawyer because the profession was already overcrowded, Daniel Webster replied,"There is always room at the top."

  2. Double quotation marks enclose words or phrases to clarify their meaning or use or to indicate that they are being used in a special way:
    • This was the border of what we often call "the West" or "the Free World."
    • "The Windy City" is a name for Chicago.

  3. Double quotation marks set off the translation of a foreign word or phrase:
    • die Grenze, "the border."

  4. Double quotation marks set off the titles of series of books, of articles or chapters in publications, of essays, of short stories and poems, of individual radio and television programs, and of songs and short musical pieces:
    • a series of books: "The Horizon Concise History"
    • an article: "On Reflexive Verbs in English"
    • a chapter in a book: Chapter Nine, "The Prince and the Peasant"
    • a short story: Pushkin's "The Queen of Spades"
    • a poem: Tennyson's "Ode on the Death of the Duke of Wellington"
    • a television show: "The Bob Hope Special"
    • a short musical piece: Schubert's "Death and the Maiden."

  5. Single quotation marks enclose quotations within quotations:
    • The blurb for the piece proclaimed, "Two years ago at Geneva, South Vietnam was virtually sold down the river to the Communists. Today the spunky little . . . country is back on its own feet, thanks to 'a mandarin in a sharkskin suit who's upsetting the Red timetable.'"--Frances FitzGerald

  6. Put commas and periods inside quotation marks; put semicolons and colons outside. Other punctuation, such as exclamation points and question marks, should be put inside the closing quotation marks only if part of the matter quoted.

If you need to teach it, we have it covered.

Start your free trial to gain instant access to thousands of expertly curated worksheets, activities, and lessons created by educational publishers and teachers.

Start Your Free Trial

Follow us on:

Follow TeacherVision on Facebook
Follow TeacherVision on Google Plus


December Calendar of Events
December is full of events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum! Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event. Happy holidays!

Bullying Prevention Resources
Bullying can cause both physical and emotional harm. Put a stop to classroom bullying, with our bullying prevention resources. Learn how to recognize several forms of bullying and teasing, and discover effective techniques for dealing with and preventing bullying in school.

Conflict Resolution
Teach your students to how resolve conflict amongst themselves without resorting to name-calling, fights, and tattling.

Immigration Resources
Studying immigration brings to light the many interesting and diverse cultures in the world.