Effective Teaching Strategies

Strategies for Direct Instruction

  • Specify clear lesson objectives
  • Teach directly to those objectives
  • Make learning as concrete and meaningful as possible
  • Provide relevant guided practice
  • Provide independent practice
  • Provide transfer practice activities

Strategies for Students with Disabilities *

  • Sequence – Break down the task, step by step prompts.
  • Drill-repetition and practice-review – Daily testing of skills, repeated practice, daily feedback.
  • Segment – Break down targeted skill into smaller units and then synthesize the parts into a whole.
  • Direct question and response – Teacher asks process-related questions and/or content-related questions.
  • Control the difficulty or processing demands of a task – Task is sequenced from easy to difficult and only necessary hints or probes are provided.
  • Technology – Use a computer, structured text, flow charts to facilitate presentation, emphasis is on pictorial representations.
  • Group Instruction – Instruction occurs in a small group, students and/or teacher interact with the group.
  • Supplement teacher and peer involvement – Use homework, parents, or others to assist in instruction.
  • Strategy clues – Reminders to use strategies or multi-steps, the teacher verbalizes problem solving or procedures to solve, instruction uses think-aloud models.

*Excerpted from Swanson, H.L. (1999). Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 14(3).

Council for Exceptional Children

Provided in partnership with The Council for Exceptional Children.

Free 7-Day Trial for TeacherVision®

Sign up for a free trial and get access
to our huge library of teaching materials!

Start Trial


Free Gift with Newsletter Sign-Up
Do you receive our free newsletters? We send out seasonal content tie-ins, topical resources, and daily activities. And now when you sign up for any TeacherVision newsletter, we'll send you a packet of our most popular back-to-school essentials as a free gift!

October Calendar of Events
October is full of events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: Fire Prevention Week (10/4-10), Metric Week (10/4-10), World Space Week (10/4-10), Earth Science Week (10/11-17), Chemistry Week (10/18-24), Teen Read Week (10/18-24), Make a Difference Day (10/24), and Halloween (10/31). Plus, celebrate Bullying Prevention Month, Diversity Awareness Month, Learning Disabilities Month, and School Safety Month all October long!

Bullying Prevention Month
October is Bullying Prevention Month, and it's a crucial topic for teachers and administrators to address. Bullying can cause both physical and emotional harm, and it can range from inflicting physical abuse to cyber-bullying (the use of cell phones, social networking sites, and other forms of technology to cause emotional distress). Learn how to recognize several forms of bullying and teasing, and discover effective techniques for dealing with and preventing bullying in your classroom.

Happy Halloween! Kids love this holiday and all the spooky decorations, games, and stories that go along with it. (Not to mention the candy, of course!) Take advantage of their enthusiasm with classroom connections and fun activities.