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Effective Teaching Strategies

Strategies for Direct Instruction

  • Specify clear lesson objectives
  • Teach directly to those objectives
  • Make learning as concrete and meaningful as possible
  • Provide relevant guided practice
  • Provide independent practice
  • Provide transfer practice activities

Strategies for Students with Disabilities *

  • Sequence – Break down the task, step by step prompts.
  • Drill-repetition and practice-review – Daily testing of skills, repeated practice, daily feedback.
  • Segment – Break down targeted skill into smaller units and then synthesize the parts into a whole.
  • Direct question and response – Teacher asks process-related questions and/or content-related questions.
  • Control the difficulty or processing demands of a task – Task is sequenced from easy to difficult and only necessary hints or probes are provided.
  • Technology – Use a computer, structured text, flow charts to facilitate presentation, emphasis is on pictorial representations.
  • Group Instruction – Instruction occurs in a small group, students and/or teacher interact with the group.
  • Supplement teacher and peer involvement – Use homework, parents, or others to assist in instruction.
  • Strategy clues – Reminders to use strategies or multi-steps, the teacher verbalizes problem solving or procedures to solve, instruction uses think-aloud models.

*Excerpted from Swanson, H.L. (1999). Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 14(3).

Council for Exceptional Children

Provided in partnership with The Council for Exceptional Children.


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Highlights

Classroom Organization Tips
Did you resolve to get organized this year? Our Top 10 Classroom Organization Tips will help you get your classroom in shape for the months ahead, whether your existing system needs a tune-up or you're ready for a total overhaul.

February Calendar of Events
February is full of events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: Chinese New Year (2/8), Mardi Gras (2/9), Valentine's Day (2/14), Presidents' Day (2/15), Eating Disorders Awareness Week (2/21-27), and Leap Day (2/29). Plus, celebrate Black History Month, Library Lovers' Month, National Heart Month all February long!

Black History Month
Black History Month (February) is here. Make sure you have the materials to help you teach this important topic, from historical figures (Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks) and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's, to slavery and the Civil War, to racism, discrimination, and the Black Lives Matter movement in America today.

Videos
Interested in using different types of media in your classroom? We have a growing collection of videos, with related activities, for holidays and events, including: slavery & the Civil War, American History, U.S. Presidents, handwashing awareness, the Common Core, women's history, Memorial Day, the American Revolution, and the environment. Enjoy!

Coding & Computer Science
Introduce your students to basic coding and computer science! Our Top 5 Free Coding Tools for Kids, Top 5 Free Coding Tools for Teens, and Hour of Code resources make a great introduction to the computer science skills all students will benefit from.