Presentations: Different Editions

Related References
Types of Assessment


Guiding Principles
Case Studies

There are a variety of format alterations. Examples include:

  • Braille version. Braille format assessments are generally available from the state or test publisher.
  • Large print. The assessment is presented in a larger type size. In addition, there may be more spacing between lines. In some cases, large print editions may be available from the state or the test publisher.
  • Large answer bubbles. The bubbles on the response form are enlarged. This accommodation helps students who have difficulty staying within the bubble outline, especially in cases of machine-read response forms. In some cases, these may be available from the test publisher or companies that produce response forms.
  • Fewer items per page. Items may be spread out for easier reading. Or, they may be spread over several pages to reduce a student's feeling of being overwhelmed. For example, rather than present 20 items on a page, there will be 10 items.


  1. First, determine if the test is available in the desired format.
  2. If it is not, follow district and/or state policies for modifying the test. For example, are Braille services (i.e., certified transcribers and proofreaders) available in the district? If a map on a page is too small, can you use a photocopier to make enlargements?
  3. When making your own accommodations, be sure to proofread the final version.
  4. If the student is taking the test with a different teacher, inform that teacher of the changes.


If the test is not available in accommodated format, make sure that all elements of your accommodated test are present and are in proper sequence. In cases where you supplement an item (e.g., providing a map or diagram in larger size), make sure the student knows how to use the accommodated page in the context of the test. Otherwise, he or she may become confused.

When placing fewer items on a page, make sure that the items are grouped as much like the original as possible. For example, if there are five items in one part along with a figure, do not put four items on one page with the diagram and the fifth item on the next page. This would require the student to flip back and forth in the test booklet, which could prove troublesome for some students.

Students with behavioral or motivational difficulties may perceive a longer test as overwhelming. For example, 15 pages during a high-pressure situation may prove daunting for a youngster. When using a format accommodation with such a student, pair it with a timing accommodation. For example, give a student the first several pages of the assessment, then take a break when those pages are completed.

Excerpted from Assessment Accommodations Toolkit.

Council for Exceptional Children

Provided in partnership with The Council for Exceptional Children.

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