Research Paper: Use Footnotes and Endnotes

  1. As you write your first draft, including the introduction, body, and conclusion, add the information or quotations on your note cards to support your ideas.

  2. Use footnotes or endnotes to identify the sources of this information. If you are using footnotes, the note will appear on the same page as the information you are documenting, at the bottom (or "foot") of the page. If you are using endnotes, the note will appear together with all other notes on a separate page at the end of your report, just before the bibliography.

  3. There are different formats for footnotes (and endnotes), so be sure to use the one your teacher prefers.

  4. Note that footnotes can be shortened if the source has already been given in full in a previous footnote.

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