Which Bulbs Are Best for Forcing?

Grade Levels: 5 - 7

You've probably seen tulips, daffodils, crocuses, lilies, hyacinths, and other bulbs blooming outside in the spring and summer. The bulbs from which these flowers grow lie dormant all winter, then sprout in the spring or summer when it's time for them to grow.

By altering the biological clocks of such bulbs, however, you can force them to open in the winter, before they normally would. For this project you'll need several different types of flower bulbs, potting soil, trays, and same-size containers.

Plant several of each type of bulb in a pot, being sure to leave uncovered the part of the bulb from which the leaves appear. The broader part of a bulb is generally the bottom, and is the side from which the roots grow. That part should be placed in the dirt so that the roots can grow downward. Once you've planted five or six different types of bulbs, move the pots to a dark, cool place, such as a garage or unheated basement. The temperature should ideally be at about 38 degrees Fahrenheit.

Flower bulbs before shoots appear.
Flower bulbs before shoots appear.

This project requires a good amount of patience and advance planning, for it can take many weeks for bulbs to begin to grow. Once they have, however, and are actively growing, move the pot to an area that receives indirect sunlight and is about 55 degrees Fahrenheit. As the white tips of the plants turn green, increase the amount of sunlight and the temperature. When the buds appear to be ready to open, you can move them to an area that is warmer and sunny.

Rates of growth may vary tremendously between the different types of bulbs, and some may not respond to forcing at all. Just be sure that you use the exact same procedure for each type.

There are thousands of science fair projects that deal with botany, many of which you can probably think of on your own. Just identify a problem relating to plants, and use the scientific method to reach a conclusion.

Excerpted from The Complete Idiot's Guide to Science Fair Projects © 2003 by Nancy K. O'Leary and Susan Shelly. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Used by arrangement with Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.

To order this book visit the Idiot's Guide website or call 1-800-253-6476.

If you need to teach it, we have it covered.

Start your free trial to gain instant access to thousands of expertly curated worksheets, activities, and lessons created by educational publishers and teachers.

Start Your Free Trial

Follow us on:

Follow TeacherVision on Facebook
Follow TeacherVision on Google Plus


Happy Halloween! Students love this fall holiday; take advantage of it! You'll find everything from costume patterns and printable Halloween masks to counting activities and vocabulary lessons.

2016 Presidential Elections
Election season is here! Help your students understand the process of our national elections (held on Tuesday, November 8), from the President down to local representatives, with our election activities. Read short biographies of presidential candidates Hillary Rodham Clinton (D) and Donald Trump (R), explore mock election ideas, create presidential trading cards, learn election vocabulary, play election bingo and more!

October Calendar of Events
October is full of events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum! Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: Chemistry Week (10/16-22), Make a Difference Day (10/22), Black Tuesday (10/29/1929), and Halloween (10/31). Plus, celebrate Bullying Prevention Month, Computer Learning Month, Diversity Awareness Month, Family History Month, Fire Prevention Month, International Dinosaur Month, Learning Disabilities Month, and School Safety Month all October long!