TeacherVision - Lesson Plans, Printables and more Free Trial  Member Benefits  Sign In    
Click Here
Mar 6, 2015
Search:   
We have merged TeacherVision's international content onto one website. Educators around the world can use TeacherVision.com to browse an extensive library of teaching materials. You can still find relevant content for Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States in our Educators' Calendars.  [x] CLOSE
Music and Drama > Music (381 resources)
|
 

Indian Ragas

Grade Levels: 5 - 9

Explore Indian ragas and learn the differences between an Indian raga and the Western scale.

Objectives

  • Students will sing the familiar song "America," first in the Western major scale and then in two Indian ragas (bhairavi and purvi) on a neutral syllable, in order to identify differences in whole- and half-step patterns between an Indian raga and the Western scale.
  • Students will learn that ragas have distinctive names and structures.
  • Students will create a short, improvised composition on the jaltarang in raga bhupaii.

Materials

  • “Two ragas” (bhoiravi and purvi)
  • The C major scale on a transparency or on the chalkboard
  • The song “America” on a transparency or on the chalkboard – first in a major scale and then in the ragas bhdravi and punn
  • Overhead projector
  • Seven glass soup or cereal bowls, and a pair of chopsticks

Procedure

  1. This lesson is for upper-elementary or middle school students. Compare several Indian ragas to the Western major scale. Explain that one of the major reasons why melodies in Indian music sound so different to us is that they are developed from ragas, which are an organized series of pitches from which musical compositions are developed. There are hundreds of ragas, and each has a particular name and structure.

  2. “Figure 9” shows several ragas. Have the class sing each one on a neutral syllable such as "ah" or "loo." Then sing the Western major scale on a neutral syllable. What differences do you see and hear?

  3. Write or project transcriptions of "America" as sung in the Western major scale system and the Indian ragas, bhairavi and purvi (see “figure 10”). Have the class sing and compare the sound of each example.

  4. Improvise short compositions in the ragas thoiravi and pumi on the jaitarang.
    1. The jaltarang is an interesting musical instrument consisting of a series of tuned bowls arranged in a semicircle around the performer. The bowls are of different sizes and are tuned precisely to the pitches of various ragas by adding appropriate amounts of water. The instrument is played by striking the inside edge of the bowls with two small wooden sticks, one held in each hand.
    2. Collect seven glass soup or cereal bowls and devise a jaltarang. Tune the various bowls to the pitches in raga purvi by filling them with appropriate amounts of water. Using a pair of chopsticks as mallets, create an improvised piece of music in flexible or free rhythm. Change the pitches of the bowls to raga bhairavi and create another improvised piece of music in flexible or free rhythm. Compare the sounds produced by ragas purvi and bhairavi and the Western scale by creating an improvised composition on the jakarang in the C major scale.

  5. Add to the bulletin board chart those things that you have learned in this lesson: the ragas purvi and bhairavi and the jaltarang.

Standards Correlations

  • Standard 1a

    : Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music

Excerpted from Multicultural Perspectives in Music Education, created by MENC.

Highlights

Galactic Hot Dogs Reading Marathon
Join the Galactic Hot Dogs Reading Marathon! Read each episode as it's re-released with newly revealed facts, behind-the-scenes illustrations, and the inside scoop. Make it official by pledging on the blog to read each chapter with Cosmoe. Your students will love following the exploits of these space travelers, and you'll love the educational elements that can easily be paired to the stories.

Handwashing Awareness
Kids are especially susceptible to contracting and spreading viruses during the winter months. Prevention starts with proper handwashing. Show students how to keep germs away.

March Calendar of Events
March is full events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: National School Breakfast Week (3/2-6), World Orphan Week (3/4-11), Boston Massacre (3/5/1770), Daylight Saving Time Begins (3/8), International Women's Day (3/8), Teen Tech Week (3/8-14), Pi Day (3/14), St. Patrick's Day (3/17), Spring Begins (3/20), Make Your Own Holiday Day (3/26), and World Theatre Day (3/27). Plus, celebrate Deaf History Month (3/15-4/15), Music In Our Schools Month, Women's History Month, and Youth Art Month!

Poptropica Teaching Guides
Poptropica is one of the Internet's most popular sites for kids—and now it's available as an app for the iPad! It's not just a place to play games; each of the islands featured on the site provides a learning opportunity. Check out our teaching guides to four of Poptropica's islands: 24 Carrot Island, Time Tangled Island, Mystery Train Island, and Mythology Island.

Take Our Survey!
Help us improve TeacherVision by taking our brief survey. Thank you for your input!

Women's History Month
March is Women's History Month. Talk to your students about the accomplishments women have made—as well as the adversity they have faced.

Free 7-Day Trial for TeacherVision®

Sign up for a free trial and get access
to our huge library of teaching materials!
Start Trial