|
 

Hu Jintao Biography

general secretary of Chinese Communist Party
Born: 1942
Birthplace: Jixi, Anhui Province

Hu became general secretary of the Chinese Communist party in 2002, replacing Jiang Zemin.

Hu joined the Communist Party in 1964, while an engineering student at the prestigious Qinghua University in Beijing. He graduated in 1965 with a degree in hydraulic engineering and took a teaching position at the university. During the Cultural Revolution, he spent a year as a manual laborer in Gansu province. From 1968 to 1980 he developed leadership skills while drawing on his engineering background in several posts with provincial industrial and technical commissions in Gansu. Hu also established close ties with Song Ping, a party elder who would help propel Hu to the top echelon of the party.

In 1982 Hu became an alternate member to the 12th CCP Central Committee and was elected secretary of the Gansu Provincial Committee of the Chinese Communist Youth League. He was transferred to Beijing and ascended to the top post in the CCYL by late 1984. He left Beijing once again, this time to head the Guizhou Province Provincial Committee. He became a full member of the 13th CCP Central Committee in 1987. He was then dispatched to Tibet in late 1988 to assume the role of secretary of the Tibet Autonomous Regional Party. During his 18–month stint in Tibet, the government suppressed pro-independence protests and martial law was imposed.

He returned to Beijing, where he maintained his role as head of the party in Tibet, but mostly organized on behalf of the CCP. In fact, he was an influential leader in planning for 1992's 14th Communist Party Congress. His skills earned him further advancement in the party to such positions as president of the Party School of the CCP Central Committee, standing member of the CCP Central Committee Polituburo, and vice chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission. He was elected vice president of China in 1998, and became president in March 2003.

Infoplease

Provided by Infoplease—an authoritative, comprehensive reference website that offers an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas, and several almanacs. Visit Infoplease.com to find more resources endorsed by teachers and librarians.

Free 7-Day Trial for TeacherVision®

Sign up for free trial and get our new Black History Month teaching resource pack!

Start Trial

Follow us on:

Follow TeacherVision on Facebook
Follow TeacherVision on Google Plus

Highlights

Classroom Organization Tips
Did you resolve to get organized this year? Our Top 10 Classroom Organization Tips will help you get your classroom in shape for the months ahead, whether your existing system needs a tune-up or you're ready for a total overhaul.

February Calendar of Events
February is full of events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: Chinese New Year (2/8), Mardi Gras (2/9), Valentine's Day (2/14), Presidents' Day (2/15), Eating Disorders Awareness Week (2/21-27), and Leap Day (2/29). Plus, celebrate Black History Month, Library Lovers' Month, National Heart Month all February long!

Black History Month
Black History Month (February) is here. Make sure you have the materials to help you teach this important topic, from historical figures (Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks) and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's, to slavery and the Civil War, to racism, discrimination, and the Black Lives Matter movement in America today.

Videos
Interested in using different types of media in your classroom? We have a growing collection of videos, with related activities, for holidays and events, including: slavery & the Civil War, American History, U.S. Presidents, handwashing awareness, the Common Core, women's history, Memorial Day, the American Revolution, and the environment. Enjoy!

Coding & Computer Science
Introduce your students to basic coding and computer science! Our Top 5 Free Coding Tools for Kids, Top 5 Free Coding Tools for Teens, and Hour of Code resources make a great introduction to the computer science skills all students will benefit from.