Hu Jintao Biography

general secretary of Chinese Communist Party
Born: 1942
Birthplace: Jixi, Anhui Province

Hu became general secretary of the Chinese Communist party in 2002, replacing Jiang Zemin.

Hu joined the Communist Party in 1964, while an engineering student at the prestigious Qinghua University in Beijing. He graduated in 1965 with a degree in hydraulic engineering and took a teaching position at the university. During the Cultural Revolution, he spent a year as a manual laborer in Gansu province. From 1968 to 1980 he developed leadership skills while drawing on his engineering background in several posts with provincial industrial and technical commissions in Gansu. Hu also established close ties with Song Ping, a party elder who would help propel Hu to the top echelon of the party.

In 1982 Hu became an alternate member to the 12th CCP Central Committee and was elected secretary of the Gansu Provincial Committee of the Chinese Communist Youth League. He was transferred to Beijing and ascended to the top post in the CCYL by late 1984. He left Beijing once again, this time to head the Guizhou Province Provincial Committee. He became a full member of the 13th CCP Central Committee in 1987. He was then dispatched to Tibet in late 1988 to assume the role of secretary of the Tibet Autonomous Regional Party. During his 18–month stint in Tibet, the government suppressed pro-independence protests and martial law was imposed.

He returned to Beijing, where he maintained his role as head of the party in Tibet, but mostly organized on behalf of the CCP. In fact, he was an influential leader in planning for 1992's 14th Communist Party Congress. His skills earned him further advancement in the party to such positions as president of the Party School of the CCP Central Committee, standing member of the CCP Central Committee Polituburo, and vice chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission. He was elected vice president of China in 1998, and became president in March 2003.


Provided by Infoplease—an authoritative, comprehensive reference website that offers an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas, and several almanacs. Visit Infoplease.com to find more resources endorsed by teachers and librarians.

Free 7-Day Trial for TeacherVision®

Sign up for a free trial and get access
to our huge library of teaching materials!

Start Trial


Thanksgiving is just around the corner! It's (Thursday) November 26, this year. Use videos, lessons, and worksheets to teach the history and cultural significance of the holiday. Then, enjoy our crafts to celebrate and decorate!

December Calendar of Events
December is full of events that you can incorporate into your standard curriculum. Our Educators' Calendar outlines activities for each event, including: World AIDS Day (12/1), International Volunteer Day (12/6), Hanukkah (begins at sundown 12/6), Handwashing Awareness Week (12/6-12), Computer Science Education Week (12/7-13), Human Rights Day (12/10), Winter Solstice (12/22), Christmas (12/25), Kwanzaa (begins 12/26), Visit the Zoo Day (12/27), and New Year's Eve (12/31). Plus, celebrate Bingo's Birthday Month, Universal Human Rights Month, and Write to a Friend Month all December long!

Hour of Code
Introduce your students to basic coding and computer science! Celebrate Computer Science Education Week from December 7-13, 2015 with our Top 5 Free Coding Tools for Kids, Top 5 Free Coding Tools for Teens, or the Hour of Code resources provided by Code.org®

Interested in using different types of media in your classroom? We have a growing collection of videos, with related activities, for holidays and events, including: slavery & the Civil War, American History, U.S. Presidents, handwashing awareness, the Common Core, women's history, Memorial Day, the American Revolution, and the environment. Enjoy!

Teaching with Comics: Galactic Hot Dogs
Reach reluctant readers and English-language learners with comics! Our original teaching guides to the Galactic Hot Dogs comic series (chapters 1-4 and 5-8), as found on Funbrain.com (and now in print!), will take students on a cosmic adventure while engaging their creative minds. Plus, find even more activities for teaching with comics, featuring many other classic stories.