Booker T. Washington
Birthplace: Franklin County, VA
Graduate of Hampton University, 1875
After the Civil War, Washington worked in salt furnaces and coal mines
and attended school part time, until he was able to enter the Hampton
Institute in Virginia. After three years at Hampton (1872-75), he instructed,
developed, and ran other schools and universities. Under his direction,
Tuskegee Institute became one of the leading African-American educational
institutions in America. Washington believed that it was foolish for blacks
to fight for social equality before they obtained economic equality. Washington
organized the National Negro Business League (1900), a group committed
to Black economic independence. He received honorary degrees from Dartmouth
and Harvard. His published works include his autobiography, Up from
Slavery (1901, repr. 1963), The Future of the American Negro
(1899), Tuskegee and Its People (1905, repr. 1969), Life of
Frederick Douglass (1907, repr. 1968), The Story of the Negro
(1909, repr. 1969), and My Larger Education (1911).
Booker T. National Monument
The National Park Services site concerning Washington's home.
Today in History
Library of Congress page about Washington.
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