volcanoes and earthquakes

Hot Rocks Mini-Lesson

Objective: Students will review hot spots and learn about the different kinds of lava that flow from active volcanoes.

Suggested Time: 15 minutes

Reading Level: Upper Elementary

Teacher Background

Volcanoes erupt red-hot lava. Sometimes the lava oozes gently from a hole in the ground. At other times it is thrown into the air MORE

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Print or Project

  1. A Visual Overview: Show the slideshow of photos to your class. Each has a descriptive caption and kid-friendly copy for your students to read. (Please note that there is also more extensive teacher note copy just for you.)
  2. Creative Caption Review: Once you've been through the slideshow for an overview, go back through it again. This time ask students to explain why the captions do (or do not!) work. (Example: Is it a good idea to label the photo of the volcanologist as "Spaced-Out Suit?" Why or why not?)

Click the thumbnail slides below to see the captions and kid-friendly copy up close.

  1. Continue the Conversation: Sometimes volcano flows are referred to as "bulldozers." Ask students why this might be a good word to describe the lava's action. Ask them to suggest words that might describe other aspects of a lava flow. Cue them to think about heat, speed, and color.
  2. Write about it: Ask students to write a publicity trailer for a movie about volcanoes that will be called "River of Lava." Encourage them to use descriptive language that would entice people to come see the show.

Extension Activities

Reinforcements: These worksheets will be useful as you further develop your teaching unit. The Word Power worksheet will give your students vocabulary practice with key terms from this mini-lesson and the related activity will help reinforce key concepts on volcanoes and earthquakes.

worksheet

Word Power Vocabulary
Grade: 4 - 6
Students practice vocabulary relevant to volcanoes and lava by using each defined word in a sentence.

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worksheet

Volcano Facts
Grade: 3 - 5
Students puzzle out new facts about volcanoes by completing arithmetic problems.

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rule

Excerpted from:

Eyewitness: Volcano & Earthquake

Discover the power of volcanoes and earthquakes, from hot spots to tsunamis, in this visually-stunning guide.

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